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A HALF-century has passed since Zanzibar and Tanganyika on April 26, 1964, formed the United Republic of Tanzania.

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UNION between Tanganyika and Zanzibar that was inked on 26th April, 1964 - (53 years now) between Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere and Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume remains a great pride to Tanzanians and shining example for African continent as a whole.

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FIFTY three years ago in 1964 on a day like this a united nation among other nations was born, a combination of two sovereign states who willingly gave up part of their freedom to form the United Republic of Tanzania on the 26 of April 1964.

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AT Mtitaa Village in Bahi District, Dodoma Region, a middle- aged farmer Elias Mgwabi and his labourers are trimming down branches from grape plants as fruits begin to grow on his 12-acre vineyard.

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A STRUCTURE built for rainwater harvesting. In urban centres sim tanks could also be ideal.

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“WATER is life,’’ this is a common saying all over the world. There can be no life without water. The daily consumption of water at various places, including homes and industries, justifies this old adage.

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What the Belt and Road Initiative means

AS early as two thousand years ago, China opened up a network of trade routes both on land and at sea. The land route started from Chinese inland cities and reached the Mediterranean countries through Central Asia. The maritime route started from China’s South-East coastal areas and reached East Africa and Europe through Indo-China Peninsula, South China Sea Islands, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. At that time, Silk was the landmark export commodity of China, therefore, the two routes were named “Silk Road”.

In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping raised the major initiative of jointly building “the Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” which was to revitalize the two time-honored land and marine for international trade. Later, China has made the two initiatives into one, which was called for short “The Belt and Road”.

Main points of the Belt and Road Initiative

Instead of being empty talks, the Belt and Road Initiative is a full set of visible and tangible measures. China aims at driving the relevant regions to realize common development and prosperity, speed up regional integration, narrow the development gap and increase complementarity of each country’s advantage, through five major measures, namely: policy coordination, facilities connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration and people-to-people bonds. Enhancing policy coordination is an important guarantee for implementing the Belt and Road Initiative. We hope all participant countries would enhance political mutual trust, build a multilevel inter-governmental policy communication mechanism and dock their economic development strategies with each other. They are also expected to jointly work out plans and measures for regional cooperation, negotiate to solve cooperation-related issues, and provide policy support for the implementation of practical cooperation and large-scale projects. Facilities connectivity is a priority area for implementing the Initiative.

On the basis of respecting each other’s sovereignty and security concerns, countries along the Belt and Road should improve the connectivity of their infrastructure construction plans and technical standard systems, jointly push forward the construction of international trunk passageways, including railways, roads, airways, oil and gas pipelines, cross-border powertransmission routes and crossboarder communications trunk line networks.

Investment and trade cooperation is a major task in building the Belt and Road. We should strive to improve investment and trade facilitation, and remove investment and trade barriers for the creation of a sound business environment. We will discuss with countries and regions along the Belt and Road on opening free trade areas and industrial parks, so as to unleash the potential for expanded cooperation. In accordance with the principles of mutual complementarity and win-win outcome, we should deepen cooperation in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fisheries. We should increase cooperation in the exploration and development of coal, oil, gas, metal minerals and other conventional energy sources.

Financial integration is an important underpinning for implementing the Belt and Road Initiative. China hopes to make joint efforts to establish the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and BRICS Development Bank, set up and put into operation the Silk Road Fund as early as possible. We should build a regional financial risk early-warning system, and create an exchange and cooperation mechanism of addressing cross-border risks and crisis. We should give full play to the role of the Silk Road Fund and that of sovereign wealth funds of countries along the Belt and Road, and encourage commercial equity investment funds and private funds to participate in the construction of key projects of the Initiative.

People-to-people bonds provide the public support for implementing the Initiative. We should carry forward the spirit of friendly cooperation of the Silk Road by promoting extensive cultural and academic exchanges, personnel exchanges and cooperation, media cooperation, youth and women exchanges and volunteer services, so as to win public support for deepening bilateral and multilateral cooperation.

Some early harvests of the Initiative

Started from scratch in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative has been growing healthily and gained much unexpected progress and outcome. It has won the support of more than 100 countries and international organizations, and has become an extensive international consensus.

It has been written into resolutions of many international bodies including the UN General Assembly and UN Security Council. Currently, we are building the economic corridor in Euro-Asia. We have also witnessed greater connectivity, growing trade and investments and steady progress in major cooperation programs. Since January 1st this year, China-Europe Express Rail was launched and trains were seen crossing 8 countries within 18 days, making it a latest wonder along the Belt and Road. Upon hearing the news, President Magufuli said to me that this direct rail link between China and UK is a remarkable and imaginable achievement in the world.

It is one of the greatest feat in the history of transportation. Actually, building intercontinental railway networks is a part of the Belt and Road Initiative. It will greatly promotes trade with China, which in turn will help the global economy to grow.

Mr Lu Jianing, Chairman of the Far East Branch of Russian Academy of Science, said that the Belt and Road Initiative is different from other development programs of the west. It offers a better option for the world than the old globalization under the control of U.S.

It injects positive energy to global economy

Due to the deep impact of the financial crisis, the sluggishness of global economic recovery, plus downturn of investment and trade, the growth of major economies are slowing down. Meanwhile, protectionism, isolationism and unilateralism are on the rise. Tide is rising against globalization.

These trends pose a great threat to global economy. It is at such a difficult moment for the world when western powers are struggling with their own economy, China launched the Belt and Road Initiative which is like a warm current that brought new hope for global recovery.

The Belt and Road Initiative conforms to the trend featuring a multi-polar world, a globalized economy, diversified culture and a informative society. Advocating the spirit of open up and cooperation, the Initiative is committed to maintain a liberalization of international trade and an open world economy. It will enhance the confidence of all countries on cooperation, dispel the dark cloud of economic stagnation and inject new energy to global economic growth.

(2) The Belt and Road Initiative sets up a new model for global economic cooperation.

It is a brand-new international cooperation model for many reasons. It champions the ideal of common development. It aims at seeking convergence of state interest, destiny and responsibility. It focuses on making a bigger pie for all and pursues win-win outcome. It advocates cooperation based on equality. It upholds the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration. All interests are well catered for. There is no hegemonic agenda or political conditions attached, granting full freedom of development to all participants. It is by no means a China- only project. It is a public product offered by China to the world. It’s applicable everywhere and will serve anywhere as a strong drive of economic growth. It reflects a long-term vision of China for global economy, and shows China’s strong sense of responsibility and accountability as a major country in the world. (Continues tomorrow)

  • *Dr. Lu Youqing is the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to the United Republic of Tanzania
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THE community of people living with hearing impairment has been suffering by missing studying opportunities at different levels. Parents and guardians of the deaf in the Northern Zone of Tanzania (Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Manyara and Tanga regions) noticed the situation and decided to form an association that would bring them together. It is an organisation that would strive to pool resources and ensure the children get quality education.

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WHEN Husna Kaimukirwa’s husband died of malaria last year at Rubafu village, in Bugabo Division of Bukoba Rural District she was kicked out of their home by his family and forced to marry his brother.

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ALL women have in-born leadership character. What needs to be added is talent promotion, and this mostly should be done to African women, who work hard but earn very little,‘’ says a political scientist and human rights activist, Prof Ruth Meena.

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TAKE a walk along Namanga border, as you are crossing into Kenya and your way back to Tanzania, you will meet petty traders with all sorts of wares including ornaments on sale by majority of merchandise who happen to be women.

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ASHA Kanongo has three children none of whom has a birth certificate. Ms Kanongo, a resident of Kishapu District, in Shinyanga Region, has no birth certificate either.

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“AT one time in the past, hunger hit a certain village and two young men decided to go to a neighbouring village looking for food. Both had no shoes, they were to travel barefooted. One of them however, refused to go unless he could get a pair of shoes. His fellow decided it was okay, walked barefooted to the village.

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JUST as it offers service to the Mainland, the Bank of Tanzania (BoT) gives the same to Zanzibar, according to Lusajo Mwankemwa of the Directorate of Economic Policy and Research, who has dismissed as false and misleading claims that the Islands have been sidelined by the bank.

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ABOUT a week ago, Mwanza Region business stakeholders enjoyed 480 mi

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CHILDREN’S Dignity Forum (CDF), a non-governmental organisation, is spearheading a relentless battle to fight child marriage and teenage pregnancies to enable girls realise their educational dreams in Tarime District.

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WWF-TCO Energy and Extractives Programme Lead, Roy Namgera, addresses participants to the GRG meeting.

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THE huge potential of the estimated 57.25 Tcf of natural gas reserve has begun to create a major concern among stakeholders over the possible adverse environmental and social effects created by extraction of the resource as experienced in other parts of Africa.

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FIVe members out of the 50-plus Paris, France-based Coco Bamboo troupe came to close the first ‘Semaine de la France’ (French Week) Business Forum, last Thursday, at the national Museum and House of Culture. (Photos by Iman Mani)

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IT’S only fair that having opened the first ‘Semaine de la France’ (French Week) Business Forum last week (Monday),with live music provided by a local band, the event should be closed with a band from France.

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WHEN you speak of tourism in Mbeya Region, definitely you can’t avoid mentioning Rungwe Mountain, the fourth tallest mountain in Tanzania, which stands at 2,982 feet above sea level.

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China’s great, Mao Zedong, (centre), and the Father of the nation, Mwalimu Julius nyerere, played a key role in enhancing relations between China and Tanzania in the mid 1960s. (File photo)

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As a nation we need to change our policies on foreign investment in particular how to work with IFDI enterprises. One best approach is to develop joint venture with IFDI enterprises so the profit will remain in the country.

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SLEEPING sickness is wreaking havoc among pastoral communities in Northern Tanzania, calling for immediate solution to control the infections.

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A promising journey to reintegrate 20,000 out of school children aged 7-17 years into the basic education system has begun in Mara Region. It is a journey that will see the children being enrolled with the Complementary Basic Education Tanzania (COBET) programme under the Mara Out-of School Children Project.

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ALTHOUGH he had five days in the country last week Damien Gires, from Paris- France, says he didn’t see much of the country.

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IN any modern world, everyone looks for investment opportunities with the best returns. Basically― from research, there are many options, depending on your pocket and interest.

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FOR decades, the rural areas have suffered a double tragedy: backwardness in terms of development and a burgeoning population. As if that is not enough, rural people are a major source of capital formation and a principal market for domestic manufacturers.

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ALTHOUGH lighting plays an important role in any stage performance, this is an area that is seldom noticed or talked about.

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Honorable Mohamed Othman, former Chief Justice of Tanzania held the post for more than six years and concluded his tenure according to the constitution early this year.

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THE mourners gathered in the village wore sombre faces and the grief expressed in most of bowed heads was enough to touch even the strongest of hearts.

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ON 23 June last year, the British people voted to leave the European Union. This week, the UK Government formally started the exit process (commonly known as Article 50).

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MORE than 1,500 residents of Iharara village in Serengeti District have access to clean drinking water near their homes, thanks to the Singita Grumeti Fund for supporting implementation of a multimillion- shillings water project.

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A MOTHER of two, Mwanaidi Mrisho has been a fishmonger for the past decade. Each day, she commutes from the Magogoni Fish Market, at the western-most end of Dar es Salaam, to Kimara-Mwisho, about 20 kilometers outside the city.

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IT’S really strange how the same word can have two completely different meanings, depending on the language being used.

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SISAL farmers have proposed the formation of a new sisal gene bank to revive the ailing industry.

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THE survival of any crop, experts say, depends on maintenance and development of its genes.

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MANY African countries are striving to put up more projects in the energy sector to boost industrial production.

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CRISIS is the new normal. In a world increasingly under pressure from different shocks - the effects of trade and labour movement in today’s globalised world, repercussions from climate change, financial crises and urbanisation related pressures, our economies, communities and ecosystems are constantly facing repeated stress.

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