Yes, human babies are born weak, but ...
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SOME animals come into this world more self-sufficient than others. Many can fend for themselves without parental supervision almost immediately.

The young of a hen peck on bits of food immediately. Those of a guinea fowl scuttle for cover in the face of danger. Other animals, like newborn zebra calves, are able to walk around on their own within hours of birth.

Baby antelopes learn to sprint the same day. The young of rhinos attempt to defend themselves in the face of a predator. Human babies, however, are a different story. For the first two months of life, they cannot lift their heads without help. They usually roll over for the first time at about four months and sit up at around six months.

They usually start standing at about nine months, and take their first tentative steps at around one year old. But even then, babies are just getting started. Fine-tuning the most basic survival skills, such as walking and feeding themselves, takes at least another year or more, and the little ones generally remain dependent on parents or caregivers for well over a decade.

The extra time that humans need to acquire these abilities is part of the evolutionary trade-off for having highly developed brains capable of managing complex reasoning, communication and social interaction.

When animals produce self-sufficient young, it’s for a number of reasons related to both biology and behavior. Some animals need their young to be mobile as quickly as possible—in water or on land— because adults are constantly on the move.

So, the young need to keep up (or keep away from predators). Other species that do not roam as widely hunker down with helpless young in their nests or burrows. And there can be a lot of variation among animals from the same group.

As mentioned before, newly hatched chickens are much more capable of taking care of themselves. They have downy feathers; they can walk around; they can peck at the ground. Ducks can hop into the water shortly after hatching and swim after their mother.

Physical and metabolic limitations also apply to human gestation and birth. It is apparent that the brains—and skulls—of developing babies cannot grow bigger than they do in the womb (on average) because they wouldn’t fit through the mother’s pelvis.

That starts to explain the long road that a human baby must travel from helpless newborn, to child, to adult, considering how much they need to learn from their parents about communication and social behavior.

The lengthy development process that humans experience is ‘a luxury.’ And it extends even later in life than experts once thought. There’s a lot of development that goes on in the prefrontal cortex [of the brain] even into early adulthood.

Though it may seem like humans’ early physical capabilities lag behind those of other animals as newborns, in the long run, humans’ lengthy period of relative helplessness eventually delivers a substantial cognitive payoff.

Although the early years of human life provide a major opportunity for social investment, it is the same crucial period in human life that sees children in the most vulnerable stage.

In fact, a child is most at risk of dying in the first year of life, especially in the first month. It is incredible that It is also during this time that brain development is at its most vital phase (mainly from birth to the age of three years) and can be impaired if conditions do not help the child to thrive and attain his full potential upon adulthood.

Although there are pieces of legislation in Tanzania, that expressly protect children from all sorts of abuse, including neglect, not much investment is directed into their upbringing and welfare generally.

Although the early years of human life provide a major opportunity for social investment, it is the same crucial period in human life that sees children in the most vulnerable stage. In fact, a child is most at risk of dying in the first year of life, especially in the first month.

It is incredible that It is also during this time that brain development is at its most vital phase (mainly from birth to the age of three years) and can be impaired if conditions do not help the child to thrive and attain his full potential upon adulthood.

Although there are pieces of legislation in Tanzania, that expressly protect children from all sorts of abuse, including neglect, not much investment is directed into their upbringing and welfare generally.

It is imperative, however, to mention here that the future of this nation depends on the quality of upbringing accorded to its children. All children should get the best child rearing and grooming if they are to attain full potential upon attaining adulthood. Children should get the best parental, communal and state care where possible. Some of the learning problems that beset preschoolers as well as those in primary and secondary school stem from inappropriate upbringing during the child’s initial four years of life.

A renowned child psychologist and researcher, who wished to remain anonymous, says that young children develop their brains and their innumerable nerve connections tucked within the tough walls with remarkable agility and swiftness.

However, he says that nature has a unique way of empowering some children with abilities of very high IQ and intelligence. “Some children are extraordinarily smart and intelligent, while many others are stupendously intuitive and creative,” he says.

Generally, Early Childhood Development (ECD) experts believe that some children are very strong in their left side of the brain, while many others are equally strong in their right side of the brain. Each one of these children possesses special abilities and characteristics.

However, more than 80 percent of children are right brain dominant. Most of these children may struggle in their classroom studies and anything connected to academics. However, this does not mean that they are weak and dull in their basic intelligence.

Right brain dominant children tend to be creative and think with special abilities that can match those children who are left brain dominant. Right brain abilities tend to show up early in the life of right brain dominant children.

In life, right brain dominant children have the ability to learn things as whole rather than in parts. Children who are right brain dominant may show excellent abilities in learning and understanding concepts very well.

However, they may struggle in areas that require checking facts or checking work after the class. Children who are strong in their right lobe of the brain always rely on their gut feeling, when compared to children who are strong in the left lobe of the brain.

Children who are strong in the left side of the brain tend to consider different factors before arriving at a conclusion. In fact, these children are more analytical and methodical than the children, who are strong in their right side of the brain.

If you give tests to these two classes of children, you can observe them performing in a significantly different style. Children who are strong in the right side of the brain may like questions that are easy and graphical in nature.

On the other hand, children who are strong in their right side of the brain tend to prefer multiple choice questions presented in a purely academic format.

Furthermore, research has shown that cognitive skills are a determining factor of an individual’s learning ability. Cognitive skills are mental skills that are used in the process of acquiring knowledge.

These are the skills that separate good learners from the comparatively dull learners. In essence, when cognitive skills are weak, learning becomes a struggle.

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