MADE with a network of about 40,000 muscles and 640 veins, a trunk of an elephant is capable to lift up more than 250 kilograms which is less than 32 times to a total weight of 8,000 kilograms of a full grown African elephant.
With a body measuring between 0.75 and 52 millimeters, ants are well known with their ability of working together but agility, strength and endurance is what draws attention from different people with different knowledge.
Ants are known to use different parts of their bodies effectively but compound eyes with multiple lenses enable these insects to see clearly small particles with different colours including red, yellow, green and blue.
Scientists say complete information about an image is obtained when these insects combine data from their eyes and chemical contents collected by Antennae which sense smell, measure weight and temperature, detect direction of wind and taste different source of food.
Unlike diurnal elephant and some insects such as butterflies, wasps and honeybees, by putting into practice the information which is collected by antennae and eyes, ants are able to work day and night.
As if that is not enough, whoever looks at ants will be shocked when ants pass with a heavy load on their mouth, scientists say these insects are able to lift up and move a cargo which weigh five hundred times than their own weight.
Scientists say these insects are equipped with flexible and powerful mandibles which work perfectly like a trunk for an elephant. This is possible because the mouth of an ant is capable of apply a bite with a pressure measuring more than 5,000 times than its own weight, this is only possible among ants whereby some species are capable of carrying loads which weighs between 350 and 1,000 times of their own body weight.
It may be seen as miracle but ants have bodies which were created to perform heavy duties in different environment regardless of type of topography or weather condition.
A trunk works as hand for an elephant but morphologically ants are created to use their powerful neck has soft cartilage which connect it to the Exoskeleton hard shell which cover their body and use small hair and pores to absorb pressure created by a heavy load on its mouth.
This is done when an ant puts into consideration the size of its head, the length and width of its neck and the abdomen against the weight of a load which it intends to lift up.
From the time of creation, ants were structured to carry heavy loads because the internal part of their body consist of muscles which work only to support lifting up of different loads unlike mammalians which their bodies depend on muscles to hold and carry it from one point to another.
These are one of many features which enable some species to carry a load that weight between 300 and 1,000 times than their own body not only that, there are different aspects which contribute this ability but size of the muscles, body weight, age and health of an individual is very important.
In order to lift up different loads, ants use their forefront part or Cephalothorax which is designed to utilize energy that is stored into muscles which powers their mandibles, necks and three pairs of legs which are located in the middle part or alltrunk where most body activities are processed.
One may wonder how it is possible for an ant to climb on a vertical surface with a heavy load on its mouth, scientists say these insects are equipped with a mechanism which use hocked claws which enable them to move smoothly on different terrains.
Their legs are powered by muscles which store and use a bigger position of energy from a light body that is why ants are able to move very fast compared to mammals such as elephants which are made on bigger bodies which from some positions and time become too heavy for themselves.
These insects also have powerful lungs respiratory systems which break down oxygen into energy, this is one of the features which enable ants to run quicker than an elephants when you compare one of the smallest insect against the largest land animal.
An elephant depends on its lungs which need big space as storage for oxygen and a network of capillaries and vein to accomplish its duties, ants depend on small spiracles on the exoskeleton which a special mechanism to bring in clean air and remove out carbon dioxide.
Unlike the respiratory system of an elephant, the spiracles of an ant’s body pass oxygen directly into the muscles where a special mechanism is used to break it down into energy which powers movements of the legs, mandibles, antennae and other parts.
The spiracles have special mechanism which relax the muscles to shut or open these small holes to allow fresh hair into the body of an ants which may be carrying a very heavy load to its nestles. The respiratory system of an ant is found on the all-trunk part where the circulatory system is also found, all these are located in the middle part and work efficiently to enable this small insect to perform most of its duties.
The rear part of an ant is called gaster and looks round and bigger than other, it is here where digestion and absorption different food including sugary nectar are processed for the rest parts of the body.
The performance of an elephant depends on how it’s able to use its trunk, on the other side strength and agility among ants is mostly found in workers, these are sterile females which work for the queen and her offspring.
Elephants live in a family group called heard which may consists from 3 to 144 individuals but ants lead communal life in a social group called colony which may consists of more than 2,000 workers.
These are very important members of the colony which pass through different level of intensive training which enable old and mature workers to pass their knowledge and experience to new recruits.
Scientists say to protect and pass their culture from one generation to another, ants establish a special class where workers are trained and given different skills and knowledge.
It is believed that before specialization of duty, an individual has to pass through a very tough test to prove before a trainer that it is tough and willing to work for others, whoever fails this test remains in the nestle for other duties.
While searching for food and water, it is estimated that in a single day a herd of elephants may walk between 10 and 20 kilometers but an ant is capable of traveling up to 200 meters to look for a good source of nectar.
Elephants mark their way in and out from their home range with chemical from glands on their legs but ants use a special mechanism called pedometer which allows them to use their eyes to count steps taken from one point to another. Elephants are known for their ability of memorizing every detail of a map which was used from one point to another but the small but smart brain of an ant is able to collect image of all important information and data on a map which they use from one point to another. While elephants use powerful scent glands to mark their maps, an ant use its eyes to capture different images which are processed into the brain for decision making. History tells us that ants evolved on earth about 100 million years ago just after one of the first flowers blossoming took place, from that time they went into almost all continents meanwhile fossils records show elephants came on the earth about 5.3 million years ago.